eaking the Glass Ceiling
liable support system for childcare and other family related activities allows women to commit to meeting the needs of both
their practices and personal lives.
While a support system can improve work-life balance for women
in private practice, a culture change in many practices may also be
necessary. To succeed in today’s complex health care environment,
private practices must not only be flexible in adapting to changes in
the health care system and in meeting the changing needs of patients, but also in designing work environments best suited to meet
the needs of female radiologists. Practices that value the importance
of work-life balance and family needs accomplish this by creating
environments in which their radiologists can achieve and balance
both career success and satisfaction in personal life. Practices able to
attract and retain dedicated, engaged female radiologists are more
likely to meet the needs of the community and patient population
they serve. Geraldine McGinty, vice chair of the American College of
Radiology (ACR) Board of Chancellors, emphasizes that we can all
use flexibility at some point in our career. This includes not only maternity leave for women, but work-life balance needs for all radiologists including elder care needs and personal wellness.
While the persistent overall underrepresentation of women
in radiology has been highly publicized, little emphasis has
been placed on the lack of gender parity in private practice radiology. Extensive efforts have been made to increase the
number of female medical students selecting radiology resi-dencies and to increase the number of women in leadership
positions in academic radiology. Given the large percentage of
radiologists in private practice, similar efforts should be made
to promote the recruitment and retention of qualified women.
Suggestions include the following:
1. Integrate teaching of business skills into radiology residency programs, including contract negotiation, interviewing, and practice finance.
2. Improve visibility of private practice opportunities that
may attract women by partnering academic training programs with private practices or the ACR.
3. Increase transparency in private practice recruitment
methods with regard to maternity leave and lactation
policies, salary, and a path to equity.
4. Improve flexibility in private practice workflow to better
meet work-life balance needs.n
1. Noland M, Moran T, Kotschwar B. Is gender diversity profitable?
Evidence from a global survey. Peterson Institute for International
Economics website. https://piie.com/publications/working-papers/
gender-diversity-profitable-evidence-global-survey. Published February
2016. Accessed January 18, 2017
2. Bomey N. Sexism in the workplace is worse than you thought. USA
Today, September 27, 2016
3. Waller N. How men and women see the workplace differently. The Wall
Street Journal, September 27, 2016
4. Bluth EI, Bansal S, Macura KJ, et al. Gender and the radiology workforce:
results of the 2014 ACR workforce survey. J Am Coll Radiol 2015; 12:
2012. He developed medical student curricula in radiology,
which have been widely adopted at other medical schools. He is
a founding member and first president of the Alliance of
Medical Student Educators in Radiology (AMSER). In 2007, he
received the Radiological Society of North America’s (RSNA)
Outstanding Educator Award and in 2012, he received the
AMSER Excellence in Education Award. Novelline is the author of the 4th through 6th editions of Squire’s Fundamentals of
Radiology, currently among the world’s best selling radiology
textbooks for medical students.
In 2015, Novelline received the Gold Medal of the Association
of University Radiologists and the Gold Medal of the RSNA.
Throughout his career, the Boston native has traveled the world
serving as a visiting professor at universities such as Karolinska
Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Ludwig Maximilians-Universitat
Munchen Medical School, Munich, Germany; Royal Australian
and New Zealand College of Radiologists, New Zealand Branch
Annual Scientific Meeting, Auckland; and many universities
across the United States.
Novelline has served as a reviewer for the Journal of Trauma,
Journal of the American College of Radiology, and the European
Journal of Radiology, among others. His major research interests
are in evaluation of multidetector CT in trauma diagnosis, including the design and testing of new trauma protocols, 3D
multidetector C T of skeletal and vascular injuries, and the evaluation of new multidetector C T techniques in the diagnosis of
nontraumatic abdominal emergencies (appendicitis, diverticulitis, ureteral stone disease, and bowel obstruction).
In education, Novelline’s interests include the development and
design of new instructional programs as well as innovative educational materials. He has just finished the 7th edition of Fundamentals
of Radiology which will be published later this year.n
Gold Medalists continued from p. 3