Salaries are on average $75K less for women when compared to
men at equal ranks. This last issue is not unique to radiology,
but is seen throughout all medical specialties. Academic advancement is more difficult for women and only 20% of all full
professors are female.
These observations are not unique to medicine; they happen
in many other professions. Less than 4% of CEOs of Fortune 500
companies are female and of 29 newly added companies last
year, only one boasted having a female CEO. In law, women
have fewer opportunities to become full partners and earn
about one-third less than men.
Around the world, gender inequality is least prevalent in
Slovenia and Switzerland, according to the United Nations
Development Programme’s Human Development Reports, which
rank the United States as number 55 in terms of gender inequality ( http://hdr.undp.org/en/ccomposite/GII). While central
Europe does better than the United States, when I talk to female
radiologists there, it seems the statistics do not reflect what actually goes on as they feel significant gender discrimination and
inequality still exist.
I hope that all of our readers will find the articles on gender
issues in this edition of InPractice informative. I asked the authors to keep the articles short, informal, and opinionated, and
to offer solutions for the issues they discuss. ARRS will continue to do its part in preventing and, when present, correcting any
issues related to gender inequalities within our society. Many
thanks for allowing me to have served as your president—it has
been an honor and a wonderful experience.n
Before I Go, Let’s Discuss Women
My year as your president will be ending soon. Despite my impression that these last months have gone very
fast, much has been accomplished. ARRS is in a strong financial
situation, our membership continues to grow, our publications
are thriving, and our showcase annual meeting continues to expand and offer new and exciting educational activities. For the
first time, a half-day in Spanish with bilingual simultaneous
translation is scheduled for Sunday, April 30, 2017, as part of our
global exchange efforts with the Colombian Society of Radiology
( http://www.arrs.org/ARRSLIVE/Global Exchange17ACR).
In my president’s address last year in Los Angeles, CA, among
other issues, I spoke about gender inequality. The topic was well-received and taken seriously. I am happy to tell you that efforts
have been made to achieve a better gender balance on our committees and more importantly, on our executive council.
As part of “closing this circle,” I invited four female radiologists—both from private and academic jobs—to offer their insights
with respect to gender inequalities during the resident recruitment
process, gender inequality in academia, women in private practice,
and the use of social media to combat gender inequalities.
There is much work that we need to do with respect to gender inequalities as our specialty ranks in the bottom five with
respect to the number of female radiologists. Even though 50–
60% of all medical students are female, less than 2% of them apply to radiology programs. Knowledge of physics, lack of job
flexibility, lack of patient contact, exposure to radiation, long
hours, and dark rooms have often been cited as obstacles.
By Mauricio Castillo
2016–2017 ARRS President
Salaries are on average $75K less for women when compared to men at equal ranks. This last issue
is not unique to radiology, but is seen throughout all medical specialties.
Less than 4% of CEOs of Fortune 500
companies are female and of 29 newly added
companies last year, only one boasted having
a female CEO.